Below are reviews of recent appellate opinions. Check back frequently as we update this page often. After change in ownership with respect to timeshare assets, annual assessments increased significantly which Zwicky maintained rendered his interest worthless. Zwicky filed a lawsuit to enforce his right to examine books and records of the Association pursuant to the common law and Ariz. The Association produced some documents in discovery which Zwicky stated were insufficient for his purpose of determining if the board of the Association had acted in good faith in approving assessments. Zwicky moved for summary judgment to inspect additional records. The superior court granted the motion and specified the documents Zwicky could inspect, subject to a protective order as to whom they could be disclosed. The superior court granted that motion. A final judgement was entered. The appellate court agreed with the superior court that Zwicky had state a proper purpose for the requested inspection.
Reservations and tribal communities comprise over a quarter of Arizona’s lands. Each tribe, their people, has a history, some of which goes back more than 12, years in Arizona. This section of T-RAT. COM, despite it’s title, is only an introduction, and is far from complete; much work in Arizona archaeology will take place in the future, and therefore nothing written today will even come close to being “complete. So much is yet to be discovered, and much to learn.
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March, Fact Sheet: Should pending massage licensing legislation be enacted this year in Idaho, Montana, and Pennsylvania, reflexology will be excluded in the resulting laws. Massage licensing requirements continue for reflexologists in the states of Oregon, Delaware, Hawaii, Alabama, Nebraska, New York, and Florida as well as under anti-prostitution ordinances in the cities of Los Angeles, Denver, and Colorado Springs.
The modern-day practice of reflexology is a direct descendant of medical research into the reflex at the end of the nineteenth century in Europe. A variety of therapeutic methods was created to influence the body through the reflexes. One resulting therapy was the work of Dr.
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Over the last few decades, research by child development experts has demonstrated numerous benefits to children when their living arrangements enable support from both parents. One reason is that parents who co-parent tend to experience lower conflict than those who have sole custody arrangements. According to parenting expert, Dr. They become, essentially, addicted to anger.
They convince themselves that the other parent is incompetent, mentally ill, or dangerous. They transmit this conviction directly or indirectly not only to the children, but also to school staff, mental health professionals and anyone else who will listen. But what exactly are the differences between co-parenting and parallel parenting? In order to answer that question, I will illustrate key aspects of each of these approaches to post- divorce parenting.
First page of the edition of the Napoleonic Code. Civil law is the legal system used in most countries around the world today. In civil law the sources recognised as authoritative are, primarily, legislation—especially codifications in constitutions or statutes passed by government—and custom.
In the United States, age of consent laws regarding sexual activity are made at the state level. There are several federal statutes related to protecting minors from sexual predators, but laws regarding specific age requirements for sexual consent are left to individual states, territories, and the District of ing on the jurisdiction, the legal age of consent ranges from age
Views and clues inside Detroit’s party scene Credit: Reich, event coordinator for the Detroit area Lock and Key events, will try to prove you wrong. Attendees will attempt to match the locks and keys. For every match you make, you will be entered to win a raffle prize which include cash, manicures, candles, comedy passes and complimentary admission to future Lock and Key events. We hope that in the future this can happen in Detroit too.
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History of Legal Requirements for Reflexology Practice: State by State
We have resources to help defray the costs. The best time was 20 years ago, and second best is today. Darling, an estate attorney in Springfield, Mass. Those who plan ahead often buy long-term care insurance policies with home care benefits if they can afford them and qualify for them. Those without it often start out relying on an unpaid family caregiver.
March, Fact Sheet: Massage Regulation of Reflexology (May ) Since , reflexology has been removed from massage regulation in the states of Washington, Texas, Tennessee, New Mexico, North Carolina, Maryland, Arizona, and the city of Chicago.
The thermoluminescence technique is the only physical means of determining the absolute age of pottery presently available. It is an absolute dating method, and does not depend on comparison with similar objects as does obsidian hydration dating, for example. Most mineral materials, including the constituents of pottery, have the property of thermoluminescence TL , where part of the energy from radioactive decay in and around the mineral is stored in the form of trapped electrons and later released as light upon strong heating as the electrons are detrapped and combine with lattice ions.
By comparing this light output with that produced by known doses of radiation, the amount of radiation absorbed by the material may be found. When pottery is fired, it loses all its previously acquired TL, and on cooling the TL begins again to build up. Thus, when one measures dose in pottery, it is the dose accumulated since it was fired, unless there was a subsequent reheating. If the radioactivity of the pottery itself, and its surroundings, is measured, the dose rate, or annual increment of dose, may be computed.
A leaflet from Daybreak describing the TL technique in more detail and giving a bibliography will be provided to interested persons. The phenomenon of thermoluminescence was first described by the English chemist Robert Boyle in It was employed in the ‘s as a method for radiation dose measurement, and soon was proposed for archaeological dating. By the mid ‘s, its validity as an absolute dating technique was established by workers at Oxford and Birmingham in England, Riso in Denmark, and at the University of Pennsylvania in the U.
While not so accurate as radiocarbon dating, which cannot date pottery except from soot deposits on cooking pots , TL has found considerable usefulness in the authenticity of ceramic art objects where high precision is not necessary. Since the university laboratories involved with TL are research facilities, they generally will not accept art objects for authentication on a routine basis.
The TL laboratory at Daybreak was established in to make TL available to the art community in general.
Ages of consent in the United States
Kenya[ edit ] Polygynous marriage was preferred among the Logoli and other Abalulya sub ethnic groups. Taking additional wives was regarded as one of the fundamental indicators of a successfully established man. Large families enhanced the prestige of Logoli men. Logoli men with large families were also capable of obtaining justice, as they would be feared by people, who would not dare to use force to take their livestock or other goods from them. Interviews with some of the contemporary Logoli men and women who recently made polygynous marriages yielded data which suggest that marrying another wife is usually approached with considerable thought and deliberation by the man.
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Delaware[ edit ] The age of consent in Delaware is 18, but it is legal for teenagers aged 16 and 17 to engage in sexual intercourse as long as the older partner is younger than Definitions generally applicable to sexual offences. Children who have not yet reached their twelfth birthday are deemed unable to consent to a sexual act under any circumstances. Rape in the fourth degree; class C felony. Florida[ edit ] The age of consent in Florida is 18,  but close-in-age exemptions exist.
By law, the exception permits a person 23 years of age or younger to engage in legal sexual activity with a minor aged 16 or The crime of “statutory rape” makes it illegal for a perpetrator of any age to have sexual intercourse with someone under the age of 16 that they are not married to. This offense carries a minimum sentence of 1 year in prison, and a maximum of 20 years. If the offender is 21 years of age or older, the minimum is raised to 10 years in prison, and the offender is subject to sex offender sentencing guidelines.
The crime “child molestation” makes it illegal for anyone to engage in “any immoral or indecent act to or in the presence of or with any child under the age of 16 years with the intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the person,” as well as electronically transmit any depiction of such an act.
For repeat offenders, the minimum 10 years and the maximum is life imprisonment. This crime has the same close-in-age exception as statutory rape stated above if the victim is 14 or 15 years old and the actor is 18 or younger and within 4 years of age. A third applicable crime is “aggravated child molestation”, which is any act of the previously mentioned child molestation that causes injuries to the victim, or involves an act of “sodomy” defined under state law as any act of oral sex or anal sex.
However, if the victim is 13, 14 or 15 years old, the actor is 18 or younger and within 4 years of age, and the act committed was “sodomy” and did not cause injury, the crime is reduced to a misdemeanor.
THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF ARIZONA
There is much evidence of trade and cultural interchange between the Mogollon and the Anasazi. The Anasazi Periods Archaic – B. The pre-Anasazi culture that moved into the Southwest after the big game hunters departed are called Archaic.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior. It has been defined both as “the Science of Justice” and “the Art of Justice”. Law is a system that regulates and ensures that individuals or a community adhere to the will of the state.