Coal Mining in Cape Breton & colliery systems
Time capsule hidden for 69 years reveals the secrets of North Sydney’s past Time capsule hidden for 69 years reveals the secrets of North Sydney’s past A time capsule dating back nearly 70 years was found encased in cement behind the cornerstone of North Sydney’s Thompson Middle School, which was torn down earlier this year. Oct 11, 6: October 11 Former Thompson Middle School principal Alex Gilchrist reveals a July copy of the Sydney Post-Record, one of many items found inside a time capsule squirreled away in the school’s foundation.
Thompson Middle School, originally built as a high school in , was torn down earlier this year and locals had been speculating about the possible presence of a time capsule. If so, what did it contain?
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Paleo-Indians and Last glacial period The glaciers began their retreat from the Maritimes approximately 13, years ago,  with final deglaciation , post-glacial rebound , and sea level fluctuation ending and leaving the New England-Maritimes region virtually ice free 11, years ago. Evidence of settlement found in the Debert Palaeo-Indian Site dates to 10, before present, though settlement seems likely to have occurred earlier,  following large game animals such as the caribou as they expanded into the land revealed by the retreating glaciers.
The record of continuous habitation through the paleo and archaic period over ten thousand years culminated in the development of the culture, traditions, and language of the First Nations people now known as the Mi’kmaq. For several thousand years the area now known as Cape Breton Island has been a part of the territory of the Mi’kmaq nation of Mi’kma’ki. Control passed back and forth between the English and French throughout the late 17th and early 18th centuries.
In , France began construction on a fortified town located along the sheltered southwestern shore of Havre Louisbourg, naming the settlement Louisbourg. The fortress was captured by British colonial forces, then returned by the British to France. It was captured again during the Seven Years’ War which saw the inhabitants expelled and the fortress completely destroyed by British Army engineers in On December 10, , Cape Breton Island was set apart as a separate county.
In , the island was made a separate colony with its capital at Sydney however by the colony was remerged into Nova Scotia. Industrial mining began in under the General Mining Association monopoly, followed in later years by independent American-owned mines south of Sydney Harbour. The company announced in that it would be exiting the coal mining business within months.
In response to a public outcry, the minority government of Prime Minister Lester B.
Cape Breton Post
There are no upcoming events at this time. News Updated Funding Information March A plan for the restoration of the historic Chapel Point Battery has been completed and fund raising is underway. Donations would be appreciated to help with the funding. Please make cheques payable to the AMP Society. Tax receipts will be provided.
Its name may derive from Capbreton near Bayonne, or more probably from the word Breton, the French adjective form of the proper noun Bretagne, the French historical region. The 10, km (3, sq mi) island accounts for % of the Nova Scotia’s total area.
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Lord Sydney appointed Col. DesBarres governor of the new colony of Cape Breton Island. DesBarres landed a group that consisted primarily of poor English citizens and disbanded soldiers.
Sydney’s economy was a significant part of Industrial Cape Breton with its steel plant and harbour and railway connections adjoining the coal mining towns of Glace Bay, New Waterford, Sydney .
Although physically separated from the Nova Scotia peninsula by the Strait of Canso, it is artificially connected to mainland Nova Scotia by the Canso Causeway. The island is located east-northeast of the mainland with its northern and western coasts fronting on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence; its western coast also forming the eastern limits of the Northumberland Strait. The eastern and southern coasts front the Atlantic Ocean; its eastern coast also forming the western limits of the Cabot Strait.
Its landmass slopes upward from south to north, culminating in the highlands of its northern cape. The island is believed to have been the first land visited by John Cabot on his — voyage. In , the island was captured by the British; formal cession was made in the Treaty of Paris, which marked the beginning of an extensive period of British dominance outside of Europe. Cape Breton Island was joined to Nova Scotia but in , became a separate British crown colony and remained so for the next 36 years.
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Cape Breton has been particularly hard hit by overdoses, MacKenzie said, dating late to the late s. A comprehensive prevention program began in in an effort to identify youth at risk. Last year, with provincial funding, additional spaces for people seeking treating for opioid addiction were created locally, MacKenzie said, and work.
It is primarily recognized for its Scottish Gaelic heritage. The island contains five reserves of the Mi’kmaq Nation. The Islanders are proud of both their ancestral heritages and the beauty of their island, the scenery of which draws nearly half a million visitors each year. History Cape Breton Island’s first residents were likely Maritime Archaic Indians, ancestors of the Mi’kmaq Nation , the later of whom inhabited the island at the time of European discovery.
Giovanni Caboto John Cabot reportedly visited the island in to become the first Renaissance European explorer to visit present-day Canada. However, historians are unclear as to whether Cabot first visited Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island. This believed discovery is commemorated by Cape Breton’s Cabot Trail.
Matthews-Hicks found it easier to speak about her brother, and the incident, in this way. Police are treating it as a homicide and the major crime unit and forensic identification section are leading the investigation. Jim Matthews, 54, has been identified as a victim of Tuesday’s homicide. Contributed Matthews grew up in Sydney Mines.
He was the fifth of seven children and the only boy. His parents were the late George and Jean Matthews, who both died before him.
Glen Kent, of The Church of Christ the King in Sydney, tried on the Cape Breton Polish tartan, which was presented to him by members of St. Mary’s Polish Church, Sunday. Christ the King Church presented St. Mary’s Polish Church members with a banner recognizing the resurrection and rebuilding of their church following a fire in November.
And someday, when all the condos, big box stores and industrial parks are identical, the landscape of life will be mostly the same in whatever Canadian town you call home. Increasingly, the rough cottages that the coal and steel companies built to attract and keep workers are the last remnants of its industrial past. For how much longer is the question. Company houses in varying states of disrepair and renovation in Glace Bay.
The refurbished Red Brick Row townhouses in Sydney Mines, thought to be among the oldest company home complexes in the country, harken back to the early s, when the General Mining Association built a series of connected homes in the English style around the mine workings. Many of the semi-detached wooden buildings with the distinctive gables in Glace Bay, Dominion, New Victoria and the other post-industrial settlements are well-tended. But the other half of the duplex could be boarded up and the owners long gone.
Some of the lawns are overgrown with neglect, the rooms inside empty of life except for rats and the occasional drug user or thrill-seeking teen. Getting that price may be hard in a neighbourhood where, on a recent drive-through, at least a dozen company homes were shuttered and others seemed to be abandoned. Most of them have been stripped of copper, aluminum and brass, leaving the structures sagging and unstable.
Arson is an ever-present worry, even though many of the abandoned properties carry no insurance. A lot of them just get burnt.